The list of former municipalities in Norway can be helpfull when looking for the places where our ancestors lived.
When the local council system was introduced in Norway in 1837-38, the country had 392 municipalities. In 1958 the number had grown to a total of 744 rural municipalities, 64 city municipalities as well as a small number of small seaports with ladested status. A committee led by Nikolai Schei, formed in 1946 to examine the situation, proposed hundreds of mergers to reduce the number of municipalities and improve the quality of local administration (Wikipedia).
The information covered in my article “Find Norwegian place names” also relates to this topic.
As municipalities are united the numbering of properties have to be changed. This can be a challenge for us as we try to trace our ancestors. I touch upon this in my article “Norwegian farm structure”.
In my article “Norwegian naming“ I talk about the use of farm names as the last part of a person’s “identification information”. I have lately come across a few persons who used the name of the municiaplity where they originated as a last name. This happened in Norway long before the use of surnames was common. I have also seen this happen when the person emigrated.
The changes in administrative units may cause uncertainty when it comes to how we record these names in our genealogy database. It is a common agreement in the genealogical community that place names, be it church or civil administrative units, should be recorded as they were at the time the event took place. This is in coordinance with “Getting It Right: The Definitive Guide to Recording Family History Accurately” by Mary H. Slawson. I have written about how I record locations in this blog.
I have ancestors who was born in Veøy parish and died in Vestnes parish, even though both events probably took place in the same bed.
In a few years the list of former municipalities in Norway will have to be re-written as there are changes soon to be implemented. Several municipalities will merge in an effort to make stronger and more efficient administrative units.
Getting It Right: The Definitive Guide to Recording Family History Accurately
By Mary H. Slawson